It is a natural fiber with golden and silky shine and hence called. Roy, T. K. G., S. K. Chatterjee, and B. D. Gupta. Jute plants are easy to grow, have a high yield per acre and, unlike cotton, have little need for pesticides and fertilizers. Bulking of, Advantages of jute include good insulating and, Jute can be blended with other fibers, both synthetic and natural, and accepts cellulosic. g) Polyester is a natural fibre. The fibers are also woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, area rugs, hessian cloth, and backing for linoleum. Day. It helps to make top quality industrial yarn, fabric, net, and sacks. The jute fibers are located beneath the bark, primarily concentrated near the woody, central parts of the stalk. The jute plant needs a plain alluvial soil and standing water. Answer: Cotton is obtained from fruits of cotton plant and jute is obtained from stem of the jute plant. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. d) The process of removing seed from cotton is called ginning. "Green Fibers". Jute mats and rugs are made both by powerloom and handloom in large volume in Kerala, India. (b) Jute is obtained from the leaves of a plant. Weaving of yam makes a piece of fabric. Making twine, rope, and matting are among its uses. Jute was used in traditional textile machinery as fibers having cellulose (vegetable fiber content) and lignin (wood fiber content). (B) Cotton is obtained from the balls of the flowers. Jute non-wovens and composites can be used for underlay, linoleum substrate, and more. Thus, jute is the most environment-friendly fiber starting from the seed to expired fiber, as the expired fibers can be recycled more than once. It falls into the bast fiber category (fiber collected from bast, the phloem of the plant, sometimes called the "skin") along with kenaf, industrial hemp, flax (linen), ramie, etc. For centuries, jute has been an integral part of the culture of East Bengal and some parts of West Bengal, precisely in the southwest of Bangladesh. Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius) is a variety thought native to South Asia. Temperatures from 20 to 40 °C (68–104 °F) and relative humidity of 70%–80% are favourable for successful cultivation. Jute mainly grows in regions having alluvial soil which is found in the delta regions of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. [5] It may have also been cultivated by the Jews in the Near East, which gives the plant its name.[5]. Likewise, the Lugbara of Northwestern Uganda eat the leaves in a soup they call pala bi. Write two uses of jute. Carlo Morelli and Valerie Wright. Cotton is obtained from the fruit of cotton plant .Jute is obtained from the stem of jute plant . Sacking, a fabric made of heavy jute fibers, has its use in the name. Fibres are grouped into xylary fibres and extraxylary fibres. e) Weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric. [6] The industry boomed throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries ("jute weaver" was a recognised trade occupation in the 1900 UK census), but this trade had largely ceased by about 1970 due to the emergence of synthetic fibers. Jute is obtained from stem and cotton is obtained from cotton bolls which are directly from surface of cotton seeds. These fibres are mostly composed of cellulose and lignin. Jute has a long history of use in the sackings, carpets, wrapping fabrics (cotton bale), and construction fabric manufacturing industry. Explain the process of making yarn from fibres. It is obtained from the bark of the jute plant. Question 15. National Emblem of Bangladesh. The suitable climate for growing jute (warm and wet) is offered by the monsoon climate, during the monsoon season. (d) Cotton yarn on burning gives an odour similar to that of a burning paper. Visit the post for more. (A) Leaves (B) Root (C) Stem (D) Both leaves and stem. 3)the stem is immeresed in water for a few days. Jute is a herbaceous plant, it attains a height of approximately 3-4 m and has a thickness of about 2 cm diameter. Jute is a bast fibre obtained from the secondary phloem. ?whoever will give the correct answer i will mark them brainliest k​. Therefore, jute has changed its textile fiber outlook and steadily heading towards its newer identity, i.e., wood fiber. "Development of Fine Quality Jute Fibers". Jute fiber is extracted from the phloem vessels of the plant… The retting process consists of bundling jute stems together and immersing them in slow running water. The traditional Satranji mat is becoming very popular in home décor. In India, jute is basically grown in the states of Bihar, West Bengal and Assam. Jute is obtained from a plant named Corchorus. [15], Jute is in great demand due to its cheapness, softness, length, lustre and uniformity of its fiber. The geotextiles can be used more than a year and the bio-degradable jute geotextile left to rot on the ground keeps the ground cool and is able to make the land more fertile. 1)the jute fibre is obtained from the stem of the jute plant. It is the cheapest vegetable fiber procured from the bast or skin of the plant's stem. Answer: Jute fibres is obtained from the stem of jute plant. (A) Jute fibres are obtained from the stems of the plants. It is highly functional for carrying grains or other agricultural products. Jute is used to make various products: packaging materials, jute bags, sacks, expensive carpets, espadrilles, sweaters etc. Jute is a long shiny vegetable fibre that can be spun into coarse strong threads. It is called the 'brown paper bag' as it is also the most used product in gunny sacks to store rice, wheat, grains, etc. In the stripping process, non-fibrous matter is scraped off, then the workers dig in and grab the fibers from within the jute stem.[7]. Explain the process of making yarn from fibre. They are composed of cellulose and lignin. Vijayakumar, K. A., and P. R. Raajendraa. It is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton, in terms of usage, global consumption, production, and availability. Jute is spun into strong threads having a coarse appearance as it is long, shiny, and a soft fibre. Coremantel, Bangladesh, is the largest global producer of the tossa jute variety. In Nigeria, leaves of Corchorus olitorius are prepared in sticky soup called ewedu together with ingredients such as sweet potato, dried small fish or shrimp. Jute is derived from the Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius plants. Doraiswamy, I., A. Basu, and K. P. Chellamani. India, Pakistan, and China import significant quantities of jute fiber and products from Bangladesh, as do the United Kingdom, Japan, United States, France, Spain, Ivory Coast, Germany and Brazil. c) Jute is the outer covering of coconut. "Small-Scale Jute Spinning: An Analysis". Answer: Rainy season. Jute mats and mattings with 5/6 mts width and of continuous length are easily being woven in southern parts of India, in solid and fancy shades, and in different weaves, like bouclé, Panama, herringbone, etc. Jute fibers are composed primarily of the plant materials cellulose and lignin. This variety shows good sustainability in the Ganges Delta climate. "Properties of Jute". "Comparative Studies on Bleaching and Dyeing of Jute after Processing with Mineral Oil in Water Emulsion vis-a-vis Self-Emulsifiable Castor Oil". In which season are jute crops grown? More than a billion jute sandbags were exported from Bengal to the trenches of World War I, and to the southern United States for bagging cotton. Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibers, The jute fiber comes from the stem and ribbon (outer skin) of the jute plant. Answer. The draft genome of jute (Corchorus olitorius) was completed.[14]. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. It is mainly grown in the rainy season. Notify me of new comments via email. Best answer. Fibers having cellulose ( vegetable fiber after cotton due to its versatile nature. [ 14 ] the! Weavers used simple hand Spinning wheels and hand looms, and more during the seventeenth century silk fibre is from. Novel process of arranging two sets of yarns together CBC is bonded onto the primary source of jute. Outer covering of coconut this variety shows good sustainability in the Indus valley civilization since the millennium! 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